Vietnamese cuisine is a term too narrow to encompass the diverse and dynamic cuisine that brings new ingredients and flavors in each new region you visit. Vietnam is a gastronomic paradise. Here is a basic list of some Vietnamese dishes you can find around the country. Some are rare and specific to a city or region, others and common and found in different forms from Hanoi to Saigon. I hope you can use this as a guide when walking through the streets of my country.
VIETNAMESE NOODLE SOUP
BÚN – THICK RICE NOODLE SOUP
Bánh canh chả cá – Thick rice noodle soup with fish cake.
Bánh canh cua – Thick rice noodle soup with crab
Bánh canh giò heo – Thick rice noodle soup with pork leg and knuckle.
Bún mắm (miền Tây) – Fermented fish soup. One of our favorite dishes of food in the world. This is specific to southern Vietnam (mostly Saigon and the Mekong Delta) and consists of a fermented fish paste broth, shrimp, squid, eggplant, herbs, banana blossom, fresh poached fish, and many different herbs.
Bánh đa cua Hải Phòng – flat brown noodle and crab paste soup from Hai Phong. Found all over the streets of Hanoi, this soup has a very specific flavor profile compared with most other soups, annatto oil and pork fat, fried shallots,
BÚN – THIN FERMENTED RICE NOODLES
Bún bò Huế – Beef noodle soup from hue.
Bún chả cá Đà Nẵng – a fish cake soup, a specialty of Hue, characteristically sweet tomato filled broth.
Bún dọc mùng
Bún đậu mắm tôm – Pressed rice noodles, fried tofu, fermented shrimp paste
Bún mọc – pork and mushroom meatball soup with bamboo.
Bún mắm nêm
Bún ngao cá – Oyster and fried fish soup,
Bún ốc chuối đậu – Green banana, tofu, and snail noodle soup, specialty in Hanoi.
Bún riêu/Bún riêu ốc
Bún sứa Nha Trang – Jellyfish noodle soup
Bún Thái – Thai style noodle soup
PHỞ – VIETNAMESE RICE NOODLES SOUP
Phở chua- A special noodle soup from Cao bang
Phở bò sốt vang
Phở gà đen Đồng Văn – Black chicken and red rice noodle
Phở bắc/ Phở bò Hà Nội
Phở gà – Chicken Pho, the best in Hanoi
Mì quảng – Quang Noodle
Hủ tiếu bò kho
Hủ tiếu Nam Vang
MÌ – YELLOW NOODLES
Mì hoành thánh
Mì vịt tiềm
Mì xào giòn
Mì xào bò
MIẾN – GLASS NOODLE
Miến lươn – glassnoodle and eel soup, specialty in hanoi
Miến ngan – glass noodle and goose soup, specialty in the north
Miến trộn – glass noodle salad.
BÁNH – CAKES
Bánh cuốn Hà Nội
Bánh bèo – Rice flour cake with dried shrimp and crispy pork skin
Bánh bột lọc – Translucent rice cake with dried shrimp inside
Bánh chưng (Bánh tét) – Sticky rice and pork cakes
Bánh giò – Fried meat filled pastry
Bánh tôm – Shrimp cakes
Bánh căn – Fried cake with flour and egg
Bánh xèo Phan Thiết
BÁNH MÌ – VIETNAMESE SANDWICHES
Bánh mì Hội An – The best banh mi in Vietnam
Bánh mì thịt nguội
Bánh mì thịt nướng – Grilled pork banh mi
Bánh mì heo quay – Roasted crispy pork belly
Bánh mì phá lấu
Bánh mì tai dạc
CHINESE FOOD IN VIETNAM
Sủi cảo – Chinese style soup in Saigon.
CANH – SOUPS
Canh chua cá – sour fish soup.
Canh ốc chuối đậu – Green banana, tofu, and snail soup, hanoi.
Canh khổ qua
DƯA MẮM – MUỐI CHUA – PICKLED AND FERMENTED
Cà pháo muối chua – Fermented baby eggplant
Cà pháo mắm tôm – Fermented baby eggplant with fermented shrimp paste
Cải chua – Fermented mustard greens
CHÁO – RICE PORRIDGE
Cháo hào – Oyster rice porridge. We enjoyed this dish on stormy night during monsoon season, inside a sheet metal shack in front of the beach in Vung Tau. Tiny oysters the size of your fingernail, ginger, black pepper and scallions came together in a perfect storm of warmth and spice. Combined with the setting of a thundering monsoon, this is one of my most distinct food memories from southern Vietnam.
Cháo trắng Sài Gòn
Cháo sườn Hà Nội – Pork porridge with fried bread and chà bông
Cháo lòng – Pork organ porridge, a specialty for breakfast in Hano
CƠM – RICE DISHES
Cơm bình dân
Cơm chiên cá mặn Phan Thiết – fried rice with salted anchovies
Cơm gà – Chicken rice. Found in different forms all over the central and southern Vietnamese provinces.
Cơm gà xối mỡ
Cơm gà Hội An
Cơm tấm Sài Gòn
ĐỒ NƯỚNG – GRILLED FOOD
Chân gà nướng
Đồ nướng Lào Cai – Mixed grill
Vú dê nướng
Món nướng Sài Gòn
GỎI – MIXED SALADS
Gỏi cá mai/Gỏi cá đục
Gỏi củ hũ dừa tôm thịt – Coconut stem salad with pork ear, shrimp, herbs and peanuts.
Gỏi cuốn – Fresh salad rolls.
Gỏi khô bò Sài Gòn- Dried beef and papaya salad.
Nộm bò khô Hà Nội
Gỏi ốc giác – Giant snail salad
LẨU – HOT POT
Lẩu bò nhúng dấm – Beef hotpot with vinager, coconut, pinapple
Lẩu bò nấu mẻ
Lẩu bò Phan Thiết
Lẩu cá kèo
Lẩu cá Phan Thiết
Lẩu dê – Lamb hotpot.
Lẩu ếch – Frog hotpot. can be found all over Vietnam.
Lẩu gà hấp hèm
Lẩu mắm miền Tây
Lẩu riêu cua sườn sụn – a hot pot with fresh-water crab paste (rieu), pork cartilage, tofu
Lẩu tôm Biên Hòa
Lẩu vịt om sấu – Duck hotpot from Hanoi. Sau is a special sour fruit from the north.
(Lẩu) vịt nấu chao
MÓN NHẬU – DRINKING FOOD
Bao tử chiên – Deepfried beef stomach
Cà ri ếch
Lòng mề gà xào trứng non – chicken organs stir fried with predeveloped eggs.
Phá lấu Phan Thiết – pork organs
Heo giả cầy
Heo quay – Crispy pork
MÓN ĂN VẶT – VIETNAMESE STREET FOOD & SNACKS
Bột chiên – Fried rice cakes with egg
Mít trộn – Young jackfruit salad
Nem chua – Sour sausage
Nem chua rán – Deepfried sour sausage
Răng mực – squid beaks. Specialty in Phan Thiet.
Trứng vịt lộn – Duck embryo
Trứng cút lộn sa tế – Quail embryo, stewed in chili paste.
Khoai mì hấp nước dừa – Coconut steamed yuca
Bánh tráng trộn
Bánh tráng nướng – Vietnamese pizza – grilled rice papper
Bánh tráng mắm ruốc – Grilled banh trang rolls with fermented shrimp sauce Phan Thiết
MÓN TRÁNG MIỆNG – SWEETS & DESSERT
Bánh sữa – Cake with condensed milk and butter
Chè xoài – Mango sweet soup
Chè heo quay
Sữa chua mít – Jackfruit yogurt
Kẹo đậu phộng – Peanut candy
Bánh flan – Caramel custard with coffee
THỨC UỐNG – DRINKS
Cà phê trứng – Egg coffee. Hanoi
Nước mía – Sugarcane juice.
Rau má – Pennywort juice
Sinh tố – Smoothie
MÓN CUỐN – HAND – ROLLED FOOD
Chả cuốn Phan Thiết
Bánh hỏi lòng heo
Bánh tráng phơi sương Trảng Bàng
Bánh tráng cuốn thịt luộc
Bánh xèo Sài Gòn
Bò cuốn lá Lốt – Mỡ chài nem lụi
Nem nướng Ninh Hòa – grilled sour sausage, rolled in rice paper with raw herbs, cucumber, and starfruit. Served with a peanut dipping sauce. Specialty in Nha Trang, Ninh Hoa.
Cá lóc hấp cuốn bánh tráng
Cá lóc chiên xù
Cá lồi xối mỡ
HẢI SẢN – SEAFOOD
CÁ – FISH
Cá lóc chiên xù
CUA – CRAB
Cua rang me
Cua lột chiên – Fried soft shell crabs
ỐC – SÒ – SNAILS DISHES
Nghêu hấp xả – Clams steamed with lemongrass
Ốc len xào dừa
Ốc móng tay xào rau muống – Sliced snail stir-fried with morning glory
Ốc mỡ xào me – Snail with tamarind sauce.
Sò dương nướng mỡ hành
Sò huyết nướng
Sò lông nướng mỡ hành
Sò điệp nướng mỡ hành
SEAFOOD FRIED NOODLE
Mì xào ốc giác rau muống
Mì xào hải sản
MÓN DÂN TỘC – ETHNIC VIETNAMESE FOOD
Thắng cố – Horse organ soup. specialty of bac ha, in the northwestern mountains
Thịt lạp – cured pork belly. Tam Son
Tiết canh – Raw duck blood soup, with peanuts, scallions and crushed bone
Vịt chua ngọt- Sweet and sour fried duck.
Vịt rang riềng- Fried duck with galangal
XÔI – STICKY RICE
Xôi xéo – Sticky rice, with mung bean and pork fluff
Xôi gà – Chicken sticky rice
Xôi gấc – sticky rice, deep purple from the tropical fruit gac.
CHẢ – NEM – GIÒ – VIETNAMESE SAUSAGES
Giò thủ – vietnamese headcheese. a terrine made from the face of the pig. many different variations exist, but it commonly includes tree ear mushrooms and is eaten during tet holiday.
Tré – Sour pork skin sausage from Central Vietnam such as Hue, Da Nang…
ĐỒ KHÔ – VIETNAMESE DRIED FOOD
Chà bông – Dried shredded pork. aka pork fluff
Cá khô/mực khô – Dried fish and squid
Bò khô – Dried beef